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Article Details
Clinical Image
Volume 4, Issue 9 (September Issue)

Abdominal Tuberculosis-A Rare Case of Extra Hepatic Portal Hypertension

Arathi. S. Gadwalkar, Rohit Mathur* and D. Nageshwar Reddy

Department of Gastroenterology, Asian institute of gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding author: Rohit Mathur, Department of Gastroenterology, Asian institute of gastroenterology, Hyderabad, India. E-mail: rohitmathur2021@gmail.com

Received: August 29, 2022; Accepted: September 13, 2022; Published: September 25, 2022

Citation: Gadwalkar AS, Mathur R, Reddy DN. Abdominal Tuberculosis – A Rare Case of Extra Hepatic Portal Hypertension. Clin Image Case Rep J. 2022; 4(9): 264.

Abstract

A 25-year-old male presented to our ER with Malena. He was diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis which was detected during routine VISA health check-up. He was on first line antituberculosis (ATT) drugs since October 2019. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed grade 2 varices with red colour sign, endoscopic banding was done. CECT abdomen showed abnormal soft tissue density mass in suprapancreatic and periportal region encasing portal vein and CBD causing IHBRD with collaterals with no evidence of portal vein thrombosis (Figure 1). EUS guided biopsy from peripancreatic and periportal lymph nodes were suggestive of necrotising granulomatous lymphadenitis implicative of tuberculosis (Figure 2). His repeat scan showed reduction of lymph node size to less than 50% of baseline size, decrease in size of portal vein and spleen with improvement in clinical parameters.

Involvement of periportal lymph nodes in tuberculosis is exceptional and there is handful of case reports of lymph nodes compressing the portal vein at porta hepatis and manifesting as portal hypertension (PH) causing upper gastrointestinal bleeding as evidenced in our case 2. The suggested mechanism of PH in our case is compression of portal vein by enlarged lymphnodes at hepatic hilum. Although rare but it is a treatable condition.

Keywords: Abdominal tuberculosis; Portal hypertension