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Clinical Image

Volume 3, Issue 11 (November Issue)

Anal Streptococcal Infection in Newborns

Salahiddine Saghir1*, Samiha Kitani2, Anass Ayad1, Rachid Abilkassem1 and Aomar Agadr1

1Department of Pediatrics, Military Hospital Mohamed V of Rabat, Morocco 2Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Rabat, Morocco

*Corresponding author: Salahiddine Saghir, Department of Pediatrics, Military Hospital Mohamed V of Rabat, Morocco. E-mail:

Received: December 16, 2021; Accepted: January 03, 2022; Published: January 19, 2022

Citation: Saghir S, Kitani S, Ayad A, et al. Anal Streptococcal Infection in Newborns. Clin Image Case Rep J. 2021; 3(11): 202.

Anal Streptococcal Infection in Newborns

Anal streptococcal anitis is a clinically well-defined entity. However, poorly understood, its diagnosis is often made late, exposing the child to the usual complications of streptococcal infections [1].

We report a case of female newborn baby, from a 20 year old mother, with positive culture of vaginal Group B streptococcus, addressed for acute fetal distress, the delivery was done by c-section, giving birth to a newborn baby weighing 2.460 kg.

The newborn was admitted to our unit for management of respiratory distress 3/10 according to Silverman score and its probable major infectious risk.

The evolution was favorable under an adapted respiratory support, the blood culture and the CRP done at H24 of life were negatives; However the patient presented fever on day 3 of hospitalization, the clinical examination revealed red and painful perianal erythema, responsible for reflex constipation (Figure 1).

The diagnosis of streptococcal anitis was suggested and confirmed by the presence in local samples of group B beta-hemolytic streptococcus. The outcome was favorable under treatment with Ampicillin.

Recognition of the clinical onset of streptococcal anitis should allow easy and early diagnosis. The implementation of an appropriate antibiotic treatment allows both rapid healing and limits the risk of secondary morbidity.

Keywords: Anitis; Streptococcal infection; Neonatal sepsis