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Article Details
Case Report
Volume 4, Issue 11 (November Issue)

Comparison of Intervertebral Space Area by Body Position Using a Three-dimensional Model

Masashi Fujii1*, Nobuaki Shime2, Tsutomu Shirakawa3 and Yasuyo Kawabata1

1Department of Anaesthesia, Nagahama Red Cross Hospital, Shiga, Japan

2Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan

3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagahama Red Cross Hospital, Shiga, Japan

*Corresponding author: Masashi Fujii, Department of Anaesthesia, Nagahama Red Cross Hospital, Shiga, Japan. E-mail: manutarou@yahoo.co.jp

Received: October 30, 2022; Accepted: November 10, 2022; Published: November 19, 2022

Citation: Fujii M, Shime N, Shirakawa T, Kawabata Y. Comparison of Intervertebral Space Area by Body Position Using a Three-dimensional Model. Clin Image Case Rep J. 2022; 4(11): 275.

Abstract

Study Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the area of the intervertebral space changes with body position.
Design: Case study.
Setting: Operating room.
Patients: Healthy adult male.
Interventions: A C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy system captured bone condition images of Th9/10, Th10/11, L3/4, and L4/5 of a healthy male volunteer. A three-dimensional (3D) model of the spine was created.
Measurements: We compared the areas of the intervertebral spaces in the supine and flexed body positions at Th9/10, Th10/11, L3/4, and L4/5 in the 3D model. The areas were compared and viewed caudally.
Main Results: In the anteversion position, the areas of the intervertebral spaces were larger by 60% in the thoracic spine and by 100% in the lumbar spine of L4/5.
Conclusions: The intervertebral spaces in the lower thoracic and lumbar spines were larger in the anteversion position. Hence, the anteversion position may be the preferred body position for spinal or epidural anaesthesia.

Keywords: 3D image; Body position; Intervertebral space; Spinal anaesthesia; Spine