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Article Details

Clinical Image

Volume 5, Issue 9 (September Issue)

Pathological Fracture of the Spine in a Child

Sophia Trinh1* and Anna Suessman2

1University of Queensland – Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA, 70121, USA
2Pediatric Emergency Department, Ochsner Health, New Orleans, LA, 70121, USA

*Corresponding author: Sophia Trinh, University of Queensland – Ochsner Clinical School, New Orleans, LA, 70121, USA. E-mail: v-strinh@ochsner.org

Received: September 28, 2023; Accepted: October 10, 2023; Published: October 20, 2023

Citation: Trinh S, Suessman A. Pathological Fracture of the Spine in a Child. Clin Image Case Rep J. 2023; 5(9): 350.

Pathological Fracture of the Spine in a Child
Abstract

A previously healthy and immunized 11-year-old-male is transferred from a satellite facility to the pediatric emergency department. He presents with worsening lower cervical and upper thoracic back pain ongoing for a month. The patient had been in a motor vehicle accident four months prior but denied any traumatic injury. Two months later, he began experiencing intermittent upper back pain unrelieved with NSAIDs or lidocaine patches. Recent cervical spine x-rays showed no abnormalities (Figure 1).

The child’s pain worsened acutely after neck manipulation by a chiropractor. He presented to a satellite facility where CT imaging revealed a pathologic anterior wedge compression fracture of the C7 vertebral body (Figure 2).

On examination, the child is nontoxic but appears uncomfortable in a cervical spine collar. He has midline cervical tenderness to palpation with no obvious step offs, overt deformities, or overlying skin changes. Vital signs are within normal limits. He and his family deny recent fevers, night sweats, and weight loss. Initial laboratory workup is unremarkable.

A whole spine MRI with and without contrast (Figure 3) reveals a significant loss in the height of the C7 vertebral body, along with an enhancing soft tissue mass anterior to this vertebra. This soft tissue extends into the right lateral recess causing a mass effect on the ventral sac. There is no cord compression. A pathological fracture secondary to a malignancy is suspected and the child undergoes CT chest/abdomen/pelvis for further evaluation of the origin and extent of the disease.

Discussion: Pathological fractures in children often result from benign bone tumors, metabolic disorders, and bone infections [1,2]. A malignancy should always be considered as a potential cause [2]. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) can occur following direct trauma and is more common in the pediatric population because of increased ligamentous laxity and head-to-body ratio [3].